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Environmental, Sustainability, and Geographic Studies (EEAS): Advanced research

Department of Earth, Environmental, and Atmospheric Sciences

Data and Statistics

Comparing Data and Statistics by using ingredients and a recipe.

Imagine you look at a recipe. Data are your ingredients and Statistics are the final product.

Data Type Definition / Example
Observational What you capture in real-time

What you produce in your lab classes

Simulation Modeling / Machine-generated
Derived E.g., Text mining, 3D Models
Textual Field / Lab notebooks
Discipline-specific E.g., Viewing stars through a telescope
Instrument-specific E.g., Taking your body temperature


ESGS Topic Journals

Government-based Resources

Contact your librarian

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Ashley Orehek Rossi
Ashley.Orehek [at]
Commons at Helm Library 2016