||Questions to Ask
|The timeliness or recency of the information
- When was the information published or posted?
- Has the information been revised or updated?
- Is the information current or out-of-date for your topic?
- Are the links functional?
|The importance of the information for your needs
- Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
- Who is the intended audience?
- Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
- Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
- Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?
- Does the source meet your professor's qualifications (if applicable)?
|The source of the information
- Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
- Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
- What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
- Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
- Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
- .com - commercial site
- .edu - educational site
- .gov - U.S. government site
- .org - nonprofit organization
- .net - network
- country codes - two-letter international standard abbreviation such as ".de" for Germany or ".uk" for the United Kingdom
|The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content
- Where does the information come from? (look at citations/references)
- Is the information supported by evidence?
- Has the information been peer reviewed?
- Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
- Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?
|The reason the information exists
- What is the purpose of the information? To inform? Teach? Sell? Entertain? Persuade?
- Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
- Is the information fact? Opinion? Propaganda?
- Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
- Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
Source: Meriam Library at California State University, Chico. (2010, September 17). Evaluating information-Applying the CRAAP test. Retrieved from http://www.csuchico.edu/lins/handouts/eval_websites.pdf