"Fake news" is "fabricated information that mimics news media content in form but not in organizational process or intent. Fake-news outlets, in turn, lack the news media's editorial norms and processes for ensuring the accuracy and credibility of information. Fake news overlaps with other information disorders, such as misinformation (false or misleading information) and disinformation (false information that is purposely spread to deceive people)" (Lazer et al. 2018).
Lazer, David M. J., et al. “The Science of Fake News.” Science, vol. 359, no. 6380, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Mar. 2018, pp. 1094–96, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aao2998.
Research & Learning Services, Olin Library, Cornell University Library. Fake News, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Learning to Critically Evaluate Media Sources: What Is Fake News? https://guides.library.cornell.edu/evaluate_news/fakenews.